Over the past hundred years, research by scientists has shown that Iranians have been at the forefront of textile weaving.
Excavations carried out in 1950 in a cave near the Caspian Sea found that the Iranian people weaved wool and goat from the beginning of the cave settlement. Iranian textile in the Achaemenid period was especially famous for weaving soft and delicate woollen fabrics.
The kings of this period were famous for having beautiful and luxurious clothes. One of the reasons given for showing the textile industry’s progress during the Achaemenid period is that Alexander the Great, with all his Greek fanaticism, wore Iranian clothes from the time he arrived in Iran until his death.
As in the past, Iranians today care about weaving high-grade fabrics. In the following essay, the top 10 woven fabric producers in Iran are introduced.
Moghaddam factories were established in 1958 by Abdullah Moghaddam. Mirza Abdullah Moghaddam is one of the well-known businessmen of the last century in Iran. He was eager to promote his country’s industry, and despite the profitability of importing foreign goods at that time, he started to produce and create jobs in the Nazarabad region. People still call this former village, which has now become a beautiful, prosperous and populous city, Nazarabad Moghaddam.
Consumption of Gabardine fabric in Iran began almost in the fifties with the generalization of suit cover for men. Moghaddam factories started their activities as the first producer of Gabardine fabric in Iran to supply the material needed by the country. It also crossed the borders of Iran, and its products were exported to Europe. Providing high-quality and diverse products is the vision of this old production unit.
Today, after more than half a century, Moghaddam Factories could occupy a significant share of the country’s Gabardine fabric market. At present, in Moghaddam factories, all the stages of spinning, weaving, and finishing of fabrics are done.
This group always considers its mission to produce customer-friendly products according to modern standards for supply in domestic and foreign markets. Moghaddam company products include yarn, fabric, and apparel. Gabardine fabrics with different compositions of wool, polyester, and viscose, types of coat fabrics, and types of travel blankets in different designs and colors are among the products of Moghaddam company.
Borujerd Textile Factories were established in 1983 in the southeast of Boroujerd city – Lorestan province – located in western Iran. This project has 124 thousand square meters of infrastructure, including five factories in one complex. This complex consists of two spinning mills, two weaving mills, and one dyeing, printing, and finishing unit.
The total production of the factories per year is about 20 million meters of all kinds of fabrics for clothes, bedsheets, curtains, and upholstery. This company is proud to constantly work and produce with about 1000 experienced personnel and use the best raw materials, the most modern machines, and equipped laboratories. In order to improve the level of quality and management, this group has succeeded in obtaining ISO 9001 certification and is currently implementing new management systems.
Yazdbaf company is one of the top and largest textile factories in Iran, which produce various textile products. Yazdbaf was established in 1956 in the historical city of Yazd. It is now on the threshold of the seventh decade of its activity in Iran’s textile industry. This company includes spinning, weaving, printing, and finishing sectors on 120,000 square meters of land.
At present, this company is one of the largest textile factories in the Middle East, having modern machinery from the most reputable European manufacturing companies, technical knowledge, experience, effort of more than 1000 personnel, and consuming the best raw materials.
Yazdbaf produces all fabric kinds of trousers (jeans and linen), shirts, sheets, curtains, manteau, chador, and light blankets with a combination of cotton, synthetic fibers, or a mixture of them. A significant share of the factory products is exported to Germany, Italy, Turkey, Greece, and France. Yazbaf is proud to have received several commendations as a top exporter company.
Zarbaf Amin textile factories are located in Kaveh industrial town in Saveh city with an area of 22,000 square meters. About 100 staff in the administrative and production departments are working on weaving, dyeing, and finishing high-quality products in accordance with the latest technology. The factory’s products were initially limited to the traditional fabrics for suits. Gradually, car seat covers, flight blankets, sheets, and curtains were added to the company products.
Today, with the growth of the domestic garment industry, this factory weaves a variety of coat and manteau fabrics for the most well-known Iranian brands. Also, this brand’s merit led some renowned European manufacturers such as C&A in Germany to import some of Zarbaf Amin’s products in the following years.
Zarbaf Amin Group believes that their experience and knowledge have brought their products to a level equal to various foreign goods, products that are not just the basic fabric of a dress but also part of the Iranian pride and identity. Despite the many ups and downs in the Iranian textile industry in the past decades, this brand has been continuously producing all kinds of textiles required by the domestic and foreign markets for the past three decades. This progress has reached a point where today, whether Iranian people are in textile and clothing stores, or use blankets in their air travels, or even when they use domestic cars, they will find the name and sign of Zarbaf Amin.
Khoy textile factories were established in 1984 with the Bank of Industry and Mines’ capital to produce 4300 tons of yarn and 10 million meters of fabric (clothes, jeans, shirts, etc.) with the aim of employing about one thousand people.
This unit is 150 km away from the capitals of the West and East Azerbaijan provinces. One of the unique features of Khoy textile factories is their vicinity to the country’s borders, making it easy to export products. It is 120 km from the Bazargan border, about 60 km from the Jolfa border, 65 km from the Razi border (connection with Van province of Turkey) by rail, and 90 km by rail.
This production complex includes spinning, weaving, indigo, and bobbin dyeing units. At present, according to those involved in the textile industry, this factory is one of the best spinning, weaving, and indigo units, and its yarn and fabric have excellent quality. With the addition of the Indigo unit to the Khoy textile production unit, denim fabrics in different weights that can compete with global markets can be produced.
At present, about 80% of the production capacity of the weaving unit is allocated to denim fabric production. The development plan of these factories includes setting up finishing and dyeing sectors, and their machines have been purchased from the best brands in the world and will be installed soon.
Kavir Semnan textile factories are located in Semnan city. They include spinning ring and open-end cotton yarns, yarn dyeing by bobbin dyeing method, and also producing denim and other types of light and heavy cotton fabrics. The spinning sector of this complex was established in 2000, and yarn dyeing and denim fabric production started their activities in 2017 and 2018, respectively. More than 1,200 people are currently working in this complex, of which more than 100 are skilled engineers and technicians.
This commercial brand has always considered the quality and presentation of special products. To achieve this goal, not only the most advanced machines in the world and the most equipped textile laboratories have been used, but also particular importance has been given to the knowledge and experience of human resources. It should be noted that, by establishing the most advanced wastewater treatment system, this company has returned a large part of the water used in the production processes to the production cycle and has taken effective steps to protect the environment.
Khosravi Spinning and Textile Company was the first and largest modern textile unit in the east of Iran at the time of its establishment. In that years, it had a significant share of Mashhad people’s employment.
Besides, it provided electricity to some areas of Mashhad, and the horn sound at the end of its shift was a symbol of the time passage for local people living in Mashhad. Due to its decades-long history in the heart of Mashhad city, its name is associated with the history, culture, and economy of Mashhad.
With an infrastructure of about 50,000 square meters, this factory includes spinning, weaving, and dyeing units with the most advanced technology and equipment. This company’s products include cotton yarns, woven fabrics, towels, bedding, and hijab products. With the weaving development plan implementation in 2017, the annual production capacity increased to 12 million square meters.
Shahrekord Hejab Textile Company was registered in 1990. It is located in Shahr-e Kord, the capital city of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Shahrekord Hejab factory is currently a supplier of the best products in the following fields: chador, manteau, curtain, scarves, clothes: polyester-viscose and polyester-cotton, sheets, and gabardine fabrics.
As a pioneer in chador production, the Hejab company is developed by purchasing updated machinery and technical knowledge promotion. This commercial brand supplies ten million meters of high-quality and licensed chador by the most reputable companies in the world.
Iran Merinos factories were established in 1967 with the aim of producing woollen textiles in Qom city and initially with the name of Iran Woolen Company. In 1974, the company name was changed to Iran Merinos Wool Weaving, and in 1975, it was finally changed to its current name, Iran Merinos Factories. These factories have complete production processes, including spinning, weaving preparations, weaving, dyeing, and finishing. It is one of the factories having the complete textile production units in the country.
The history of producing high-quality goods in Iran Merinos with its long-standing technical knowledge and updated machines has made this company one of the strongest and most famous producers of Gabardine fabric in Iran. Travel blanket is the other product of this company, offering special benefits and has been very successful in the market.
Adding a clothing production sector is also included in the company’s plans. Obtaining all kinds of quality assurance and quality management certificates, standards, many honors in support of consumer rights, and the like have all been examples of the dynamic performance and excellence of Iran Merinos Company.
Forghani Textile Group has started its activity in the ’70s with weaving, dyeing, and finishing fabrics in Qom and Qazvin cities. It is one of the leading groups in the Iranian textile industry, including yarn and fabric production, as well as dyeing and printing services. Cotton yarns, polyester textured yarns, woven fabrics, and knitting fabrics are among the products of the Forghani company. Their produced woven fabrics cover various applications, such as curtains, manteau, shirts, and trousers.