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The Nonwoven Industry in Iran

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A nonwoven fabric is a fabric-like material created from long fibers (continuous long) and staple fibers (short) that have been mechanically, chemically, thermally, or solvent-bonded together. In the textile production sector, the phrase is used to describe textiles like felt that are neither knitted nor woven.

These textiles are widely used all over the world and in Iran, and many producers are in the nonwoven textile market. In this article, while introducing nonwoven textiles and their types, we do a market analysis for clearing the situation of nonwoven textiles in Iran. So be with us till the end.

Nonwoven Fabrics Sector and Global Market

The nonwoven fabric market size was valued at USD 22.62 billion in 2016 and is expected to reach USD 35 billion by the end of 2022. This market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.5% during the said period. The base year considered for the study is 2016 and the market size is projected from 2017 to 2022.
Nonwoven fabrics industry in Iran and who runs it.

In the nonwoven textile industry, Iranians have strong roots, and the first nonwoven textile products in the world, namely felt, have thousands of years of background in Iran. When we talk about the carpet industry or the beautiful and wonderful art of enamelling (minakari art), the whole world recognizes Iran as the original place of these arts and considers it as an original industry in Iran.

when it comes to Iranian carpets, customers expect to have the most original, high-quality and valuable products. So about the nonwoven textiles industry in Iran, something like this should be in the minds and the industry owners of this field should show that they have something to say.

If you rely on these originalities, you can provide a product with a very high added value, both in terms of technology and in terms of product authenticity. But currently, the nonwoven textile industry does not have such a position.

In the last three years (since 2019), despite the dreaded corona disease, aka the Chinese plague, and the increasing need of society for all kinds of face masks on the one hand, and the great need for hospital textiles due to the increase of corona patients on the other hand, the eyes are much more than before to The direction of the nonwoven textile industry has turned and this area of textile has received much more attention than before.

According to the statistics of the Iranian Textile Association, the import of nonwoven fabrics to the country for the production of masks and hospital gowns reached nearly 3000 tons in 2021 and more than 12 million dollars of foreign currency were taken out of the country.

While the above textiles could be produced locally if the textile production units in the country are able to produce them, and even during the corona era and the need of other countries for nonwoven textiles, they could be exported and furthermore enter currency inside.

Although in 2020, the situation changed with the spread of the Coronavirus and it affected the textile industry in some products such as Spunband and Meltblown fabrics, and the six-month and one-year sales queues for buying products from companies that sell and manufacture machinery in this The groundwork has been created, in Iran, companies have made good efforts, especially in the Meltblown sector, and some of them have also become commercial, but mainly the market is in the hands of a few companies that have already invested in machinery, and a few companies have Installed and launched new lines in the same year.

Of course, the quality and uniformity of their products do not reach European countries’ products, but they have a big price difference and they were very economical in the short term.

Unfortunately, compared to other countries such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, India, China, etc., not much investment has been made in the field of nonwoven textiles and technical textiles in Iran.

It is interesting to know that in terms of industrial and technical advantages in the production of nonwoven textiles, compared to a country like Turkey, Iran has far better conditions in terms of access to raw materials, industrial production infrastructure such as labor, electricity, etc., and also Turkey to produce fibers Polyester needs to import materials (even one of the export destinations of Iran’s polymeric materials and polyester fibers is Turkey), but with all of these, Turkey’s investment in nonwoven textile production is several times that of Iran.

And this country has become one of the significant centers of nonwoven textile production in the region. According to the official statistics of Turkey in the field of nonwoven textile production, the production capacity doubled between 2009 and 2014, and between 2014 and 2019, this production volume recorded a 100% growth again. So, the growth rate of the nonwoven textile industry in Turkey is several times that of Iran.

Even today, we are witnessing a growing trend in the region with a country like Saudi Arabia, which, except for the production of petrochemical products, does not have a special advantage for the production of nonwoven textiles and other petrochemical-based textiles, but the production of this country is very high. And the total nonwoven textiles produced by Saudi Arabia with about a third of Iran’s population is equivalent to all that is produced in the vast country of Iran.

nonwoven-industry-covid

The nonwoven textile market is a growing and profitable market in Iran, and unfortunately, in our country, the wrong policies of the past years, such as the removal of nonwoven textile production from the list of priorities of the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade in 2000s, and sanctions restrictions caused problems in investment.

The volume of the production capacity of this large part of textile did not achieve the necessary growth even without taking into account the Corona epidemic, which increased the need for nonwoven textiles in the country.

Certainly and necessarily, the nonwoven textile market will feel the damage caused by the inappropriate development of this industry more in the future due to new needs and lifestyle changes under the influence of the coronavirus and its consequences and after passing through it.

Existing Potentials in the Field of Nonwoven Textiles

The potential of this sector alone and independently from other textile sectors is very high. A very important point is that in this industry, the final product can be reached in the third step of production. The first step is the refineries, the second step is petrochemical and the third step is the nonwoven textile industry.

The percentage of natural nano-wool fabrics in which wool and cotton are used is much less than synthetic nano-wool, and if the government makes efforts in this field, a great potential of added value in this area will be realized. This means that instead of exporting petrochemical products with great difficulties in monetizing its income, if the government focuses more on these next steps of production, for example, nonwoven textiles, the economic justification will be much higher.

Of course, providing the basic needs of the country is the first priority, but the point is that exporting to global markets is one of the best ways to produce standard and high-quality products inside, training and improving the quality level of producers, which will ultimately affect people’s health.

Nonwoven Fabric Manufacturers in Iran

According to the statistics of the Iranian Textile Association, the manufacturers of nonwoven fabrics in Iran and the scope of work of each are as follows:

Naghshe Toranj Zarrin: nonwoven fabric and spunbond
Novin Bibafte Ivaz: production of the nonwoven layer
Pars Texan Dana: nonwoven textiles, industrial and protective clothing, firefighter clothing, filtration systems
Korke Babol production: nonwoven fabrics, accordion layers, thermofused, fixed sleep goods
Sabet lai Robat: production of fabric, production of nonwoven fabrics, waterproof fabrics (laminated)
Kavian Bibafte Mashhad: production of all kinds of thermofused spray layers, felt layers (rhombus) and heat treated fibers.
Mobin Golsare Spadana: production of woven layers, nonwoven fabrics (nonwoven), accordion, thermofuse
Bibaft Gostar Jahan: Nonwoven textiles
Alyaf Baftineh Pars Darsa: types of nonwoven and staple textiles
Behbaft Plast Yazd: nonwoven textiles
Behpod Pood: nonwoven fabric
Rose Narmin Tamin: nonwoven fabric

What Is a Nonwoven Fabric?

Nonwoven fabrics have a structured internal structure while not having interwoven strands. These fabrics are created by bundling together threads and combining them with heat, chemicals, or pressure to create a cohesive substance that resembles fabric. Unlike traditional materials like cotton, linen, wool, and silk, which need weaving or knitting, nonwoven fabrics don’t. One of the most popular types of the nonwoven fabric is felt. A dense textile is created by churning fibers in a solution until they interlock.

The way the fibers are glued together primarily distinguishes the various types of nonwoven fabric:
• Fibers are chemically bound together using glue-like substances through chemical bonding,
• Mechanical bonding (fiber entanglement)
• Thermal bonding (where low-melt fibers are used and heat is used to melt the fiber to each other).
Apart from being labeled as nonwoven, the resulting fabrics don’t share much in common. To adjust fabric qualities or reverse engineer fabrics depending on functional requirements, nonwoven components such as fiber selection, web formation, bonding, and finishing procedures can be changed.

The first nonwoven fabrics were utilized in the manufacturing industry in the 1940s, while some nonwoven materials can be found in nature, such as spider webs, silkworm cocoons, and bird nests.

Compared to woven or knit materials, nonwoven fabrics are thinner and less durable. Nonwoven materials are not appropriate for the creation of lasting garments due to their poor memory and launderability as a material. The majority of nonwoven fabrics are utilized in one-time applications. However, given their adaptability and low production costs, nonwoven materials also have benefits.

Numerous sectors utilize nonwoven materials extensively. Nonwoven fabrics are used in the medical industry to make isolation gowns, surgical scrubs, and medical packaging. They are utilized as carpet backing in the carpeting business. Their qualities have also been extensively applied in the agriculture, building, and automobile industries.

Nonwoven fabric types

According to various manufacturing procedures, there are main types of nonwoven fabrics:

Spunlace Nonwovens

This type of fabric is nonwoven and is created by directly incorporating polymer slices, short fibers, or filaments into a network of threads using mechanical or air pressure, spunlace, acupuncture, or hot-rolled reinforcement.
It is well known for its numerous applications in nonwoven fabrics for facial masks, medical devices, wet wipes, filters, and other items

Heat-bonded Nonwovens

The main steps in producing this kind of nonwoven fabric are to incorporate fibrous or sticky reinforcement material into the fiber network and then reinforce the network into cloth using heat and then cold.

Pulp Air-laid Nonwovens

Dustless paper or dry paper nonwovens are another name for air-laid nonwovens. It opens the wood pulp fiberboard into a single fiber state using air-laid technology, causes the fiber to clump together on the net curtain using the airflow method, and finally consolidates the fiber web into fabric.

Wet-laid nonwovens

Wet nonwoven fabric is produced by splitting the fibrous raw material into individual fibers in an aqueous medium, mixing different fiber raw materials to create a fibrous suspension slurry, and then transporting the suspended slurry to a mesh-forming mechanism where the fibers are laid in a wet state to create a cloth.

Spunbond Nonwovens

Extrude and stretch the polymer to produce a continuous filament, lay the filament into web, and then process the web into nonwoven fabric using their own bonding, thermal bonding, chemical bonding, or mechanical reinforcement techniques. This is how spunbond-type nonwoven fabric is processed.

Meltblown Nonwovens

Extruding melted polymer fiber through a linear die with hundreds of tiny holes creates long, thin fibers that are stretched and cooled by hot air as they exit the linear die. The resulting web is then blasted over a collector screen to create finely filtered, self-bond nonwovens.

Acupuncture Nonwoven

Dry nonwoven fabric comes in the form of acupuncture nonwoven. By puncturing the fluffy fiber with a needle, cloth is strengthened.

Conclusion

Today, many industries in the country, such as automobile manufacturing, construction, road construction, dam construction, agriculture, healthcare, etc., require the use of technical and specialized services of textile industry activists to meet their needs.

It will facilitate and accelerate other industries. Production and investment in the field of technical textiles and nonwoven textiles is a way that can guarantee the future of the textile industry, and the added value created by these areas for the textile industry will be much more than the usual profits.

In addition, advanced industrial and scientific countries mainly focus on these areas, which, considering the passionate youth and the high volume of active university centers, orientation in the mentioned areas will be very effective and open the way.

 

Read More news about IRAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY

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One comment

  1. Hello
    Dear sir,
    Good day
    I’m Abdurahman from Kassar Company
    we want to ask about nonwoven fabric 70g 160cm
    please inform us about the price we need every two or three months about 2 container
    we import from china but we are looking for better quality and better price
    we are waiting your reply
    many thanks
    Abd
    00963966303060

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