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Turkish wool industry
Turkish wool industry

What do you know about the Turkish wool industry?

One of the most important and influential sectors in the Turkish economy is the textile and clothing industry. This has made Turkish wool one of the most popular products that is used to produce various products.

Note that in 2007 Turkey was able to account for 21% of the world’s garment exports, which is a sign of the amazing and high quality of its textile industry. In Turkey, more than 35,000 textile companies use Turkish wool to design and produce high-quality products.

Turkey is one of the main players in the field of textile and clothing production around the world. It is the fourth largest supplier worldwide and the second largest supplier in the European Union. This shows the strength of the textile industry in Turkey.

Note that this industry has a very decisive role in world trade, which has been able to use suitable raw materials such as quality Turkish wool and produce clothes in high quality and beautiful design, in a very wide range of different types of products. Turkish products in this field have a lot of fans in the global and international market.

Table 1: The Place of the Yarn Manufacturing Sector in the Manufacturing of Textile Products
13.1-Preparation and Twisting of Textile Fiber 13- Manufacturing of Textile Products  

% Share

Number of firms* 1.519 23.421 6,5
Number of Employees (Person)* 87.185 460.668 18,9
Production Value (Billion TL)* 42.725 175.017 24,4
Added Value (Billion TL)* 10.461 44.724 23,4
Turnover (Billion TL)* 45.593 184.351 24,7
Export (Million USD)** 3.998 11.477 34,8
Imports (Million USD)** 2.971 4.393 67,6
Foreign Trade Balance (Million USD)** 1.027 7.084 14,5
Exports to Imports Coverage Ratio (%)** 134,6 261,2
(*): Year 2018, (**): Year 2019

Source: Prepared using TURKSTAT, Foreign Trade Statistics and Annual Industry and Service Statistics.

Statistical data on Turkey domestic wool production

Given what we have told you, it makes sense to also point out that Turkish wool production is relatively large and influential domestically. Turkey needs to have access to quality raw materials to produce different types of textiles.

This issue has caused the domestic production of Turkish wool to be relatively high and suitable to be able to provide a good percentage of the country’s needs. To produce any product, we need raw material, and the raw material used to produce different types of textiles is wool. In 2016, Turkey produced about 68 tons of wool.

Table 2: Annual Product Amounts to be Produced at Technical Capacity
Product Subject to Sale Annual Production Amount in Technical Capacity
Cleaned Fleece Wool 237 Ton
Semi-Worsted No. 10 wool carpet and warp yarn (undyed

single or two-ply yarn)

396.6 Ton

The country’s annual production is about the same, but it may increase or decrease under certain conditions. It is interesting to know that for various reasons, Turkish wool production grew significantly in 2014 and broke its multi-year record with 260 tons.

A variety of reasons have been influential in this regard. If we want to draw a line chart for you, the production of this country in the field of Turkish wool is relatively smooth and is about sixty to seventy tons. Below you can see a snapshot of the Turkish wool manufacturing industry.

Australian shorn wool production continues a steady increase

Table 3: Number of Workplaces and Active Insured in Wool Manufacturing in Turkey (2018)
Provinces Number of Workplaces Social insurance
Number %Share Person % Share
Adana 2 3,4 94 4,1
Bursa 6 10,3 63 2,7
Denizli 1 1,7 1 0,0
Gaziantep 6 10,3 207 8,9
İstanbul 6 10,3 100 4,3
İzmir 1 1,7 4 0,2
Kayseri 1 1,7 1 0,0
Konya 1 1,7 1 0,0
Kütahya 5 8,6 95 4,1
Malatya 1 1,7 27 1,2
Siirt 1 1,7 1 0,0
Tekirdağ 1 1,7 17 0,7
Uşak 24 41,4 534 23,0
Osmaniye 1 1,7 1.170 50,5
Düzce 1 1,7 4 0,2
Toplam 58 100,0 2.319 100,0
Source: Prepared using the data of the Social Security Institution.

Statistical data on Turkey’s domestic wool production

How much wool is imported from NZ, Australia, and other countries to Turkey?

Based on what we have already told you, you have certainly realized that the domestic production of Turkish wool is not enough to provide raw materials for the entire Turkish textile industry. For this reason, the country needs to import wool from other countries to obtain raw materials for the production of various types of textiles.

In addition to using 100% of all Turkish wool produced, Turkey also imports wool from countries such as New Zealand, Australia, and various other countries that are famous in the field of wool production, so that it can satisfy the needs.

This issue makes Turkey not lagging behind other countries in the field of textile production and can maintain its position in this field.

Table 4: Amount of Wool Production and Production Value in Turkey (Million TL)
Years Number of Initiatives Production Amount (Ton) Production Value (Million TL)
2012 17 13.260 39,1
2013 18 13.576 52,1
2014 17 11.529 65,9
2015 15 23.366 115,7
2016 11 11.733 67,7
2017 11 19.790 126,8
2018 10 22.181 142,9
2019 9 11.923 86,5
NOTE: Wool and animal hair product statistics include 3 sub-products (13.10.22-13.10.23-13.10.24) according to PRODTR classification. However, since TurkStat’s Annual Product Statistics includes only the production figures for the 13.10.22 coded “Wool, degreased or carbonized (not carded or combed)” product, due to the principle of data privacy, the production figures in the table do not reflect the entire production of wool and animal hair.

Source: TURKSTAT, Annual Industrial Product Statistics.

Which companies are the main users of wool in Turkey?

You may also be wondering what are the main industries in which Turkish wool is used. In general, there are many industries in which wool has a great impact not only in Turkey but all over the world. As you may know, wool has insulating properties and can be used as a temperature insulator. For this reason, it is possible to use wool in various fields of construction to produce suitable design insulation.

Another important field in which Turkish wool is used is the production of different types of clothing. Wool is turned into yarn at every initial stage after harvest, and these yarns can be used in the production of various fabrics. In the next steps, these fabrics can reach the customers as clothes and have the most suitable and best features.

Woollen garments are one of those garments that have amazing properties and can keep us cool in summer and warm in winter. In addition, wool is by no means allergenic and can be a very suitable option for everyone.

In general, the production of various types of yarns and fabrics in Turkey using Turkish wool has a very hot market and many people are working in this field in Turkey.

Table 5: Number of Workplaces and Active Insured in Wool Yarn Manufacturing in Turkey (2018)
Provinces Number of Workplaces Number of Active Insured
Number % Share Person % Share
Adana 3 2,7 215 2,6
Adıyaman 2 1,8 101 1,2
Ankara 1 0,9 4 0,0
Aydın 2 1,8 27 0,3
Balıkesir 1 0,9 2 0,0
Bursa 13 11,8 1.586 19,1
Çankırı 1 0,9 1 0,0
Denizli 4 3,6 24 0,3
Eskişehir 1 0,9 1 0,0
Gaziantep 11 10,0 1.840 22,2
Hatay 1 0,9 5 0,1
Isparta 5 4,5 1.256 15,1
Mersin 1 0,9 102 1,2
İstanbul 23 20,9 242 2,9
İzmir 5 4,5 35 0,4
Kastamonu 2 1,8 68 0,8
Kayseri 1 0,9 2 0,0
Konya 1 0,9 68 0,8
Malatya 2 1,8 2 0,0
Manisa 8 7,3 146 1,8
Kahramanmaraş 2 1,8 136 1,6
Niğde 1 0,9 247 3,0
Sakarya 1 0,9 169 2,0
Siirt 1 0,9 2 0,0
Tekirdağ 2 1,8 231 2,8
Uşak 11 10,0 395 4,8
Yalova 2 1,8 1.040 12,5
Osmaniye 2 1,8 350 4,2
Toplam 110 100,0 8.297 100,0
Source: Prepared using the data of the Social Security Institution.

Turkish wool is used for what type of products?

We have already told you in which industries it is possible to use Turkish wool. Now we want to tell you which products are used to produce wool in Turkey, and in fact, we will talk to you in a more comprehensive and complete way about the use of Turkish wool.

wool is a unique natural fiber with interesting specifications, it can be used in all textile sectors like carpet yarn for woollen hand-made or machine-made carpets, fine yarn for weaving soft fabrics for home textile and apparel especially men suites, using in woollen socks production, Sweaters, socks, suits, pants, underwear, hats, gloves, other forms of cold-weather gear, carpets, firefighting gear, insulation and … . Normally woollen products are suitable for luxury markets as the price of wool is higher than synthetic fibres or cotton

Due to the suitability and wonder of clothing products, Turkey uses a high percentage of Turkish wool to produce different types of clothing. This is quite natural and logical because the country’s income from the export of various types of clothing is relatively high.

Table 6: Wool Yarn Production Amount and Production Value in Turkey (Million TL)
Worsted Yarn

(PRODTR:13.10.50.30.00)

Total Wool Yarn
Years Number of Initiatives Ton Value Number of Initiatives Ton Value
2005 30 54.867 249 57 78.925 391
2006 22 38.445 285 51 67.039 448
2007 23 38.793 334 55 64.897 494
2008 25 50.070 371 58 70.167 498
2009 24 35.870 319 58 53.078 417
2010 23 39.731 373 59 75.776 673
2011 25 44.020 528 52 70.946 711
2012 27 44.685 479 59 75.871 643
2013 20 48.282 607 54 94.868 883
2014 19 47.081 698 51 260.947 1.995
2015 16 33.896 596 45 69.795 859
2016 22 37.139 640 45 68.049 913
2017 20 37.955 680 39 60.439 935
2018 15 28.085 504 30 41.793 899
2019 13 31.772 675 27 39.622 1.048
Source: TURKSTAT, Annual Industrial Product Statistics.

Note:13.10.50.10.00 and 13.10.50.50.00 The production amount of the products with PRODTR code has not been published due to data privacy.

In addition to clothing, manufacturers in Turkey use Turkish wool to produce different types of other products, such as woollen carpets. Woollen carpets have unique properties and this has made them two very important options for production and export.

So far, you are fully acquainted with the uses of Turkish wool. The two things that we have told you more about, namely woollen clothes and different types of carpets, are among the two most popular and important products that are made from Turkish wool and have a good market in the field of export and can earn a lot of money for Turkish producers.

When it is woven into textiles, wool has a natural waviness called “crimp.” This crimp contributes to wool’s insulative properties, which exist because the bulkiness of wool naturally traps air. Some types of wool have more crimp than others, and the more crimp there is in a woolen garment, the more insulative it is.

Compared to cotton and other plant-based or synthetic textile materials, wool is highly flame-resistant. It doesn’t spread flame, and instead, it chars and self-extinguishes. Therefore, this type of textile is highly useful in applications in which the reduction of flammability is desired.

Table 7: Turkish Wool, Wool and Animal Hair Foreign Trade (Million USD)
 

Years

Export Import Foreign Trade Balance Exports to Imports Coverage Ratio %
Ton Value Ton Value Ton Value Quantity Value
2015 15.278 47,7 29.357 122,0 -14.079 -74,3 52,0 39,1
2016 11.671 28,0 24.059 103,1 -12.388 -75,1 48,5 27,2
2017 23.272 56,5 37.998 122,8 -14.726 -66,3 61,2 46,0
2018 26.372 61,0 42.543 126,8 -16.171 -65,9 62,0 48,1
2019 10.539 20,2 18.636 96,6 -8.097 -76,4 56,6 20,9
Source: TUIK, prepared by using Foreign Trade Statistics. [21]

Conclusion

If you have ever used Turkish products made in the field of clothing, surely, you are fascinated by the quality of these products. Due to its high expertise in the production of various types of clothing, Turkey has been able to be recognized as a high-quality manufacturer around the world.

This issue has made the Turkish wool raw material in this country a very widely used and suitable raw material and it is very valuable in this country. There are many countries that do not use their wool raw material as much as Turkey, but in addition to fully using all of its products, Turkey uses importing to fully satisfy its need for this product.

 

Table 8: Development of Foreign Trade of Wool and Animal Hair Yarn in Turkey (Million USD)
Years Export (x) Import (m) Foreign Trade Volume (x+m) Foreign Trade Balance (x-m) Coverage Rate x/m (%)
2010 49,2 59,4 108,5 -10,2 82,8
2011 58,7 82,6 141,3 -23,9 71,0
2012 59,3 68,4 127,7 -9,2 86,6
2013 52,1 61,8 113,9 -9,7 84,3
2014 48,2 62,2 110,3 -14,0 77,5
2015 35,3 53,8 89,0 -18,5 65,6
2016 29,1 45,0 74,1 -15,8 64,8
2017 32,3 44,5 76,9 -12,2 72,6
2018 36,1 47,6 83,6 -11,5 75,8
2019 34,0 48,1 82,1 -14,1 70,7
2020 (6 Ay) 12,7 24,7 37,4 -12,0 51,4
Source: TURKSTAT Foreign Trade Statistics, Dynamic Inquiry

 

Akkaraman ; The most widespread breed of sheep in Turkey

So, what is Akkaraman sheep, what features does it have? We can list the general characteristics of the large-sized domestic sheep breed as follows:

•The bodies of Akkaraman sheep are narrow and long. You may notice that the backline is straight or has a slight dimple.
• Akkaraman sheep with long heads are known for their bare and hotoz-covered faces. Heads of rams are slightly convex.
• You can see that their ears are long and drooping.
• Long and strong legs with strong and hard nails.
• The white body draws attention.
• You may see black spots on the head, nose, ears and feet.
• In addition to the head, the neck and legs are also fleece-free.
• It is noted that animals have coarse mixed fleece, and fleece is rare.
• Males of the neckless breed may have small horns.
• Their tails are S-shaped and oily. When you look at it from the back, you can notice that the tail appears to be three layers on top of each other. The bottom of the tail is wide, with a second heart-shaped piece on top and a long, lean, hairy, overhanging part on top.

Table 9: Development of Turkish Strayhgarn Wool Yarn Foreign Trade (Thousand USD)
 

Years

 

Export (x)

 

Import (m)

Foreign Trade Balance (x–m) Unit Prices USD/Kg
USD Ton USD Ton USD Ton Export Import
2010 14.565 2.353 10.928 730 3.637 1.623 6,2 15,0
2011 17.677 2.348 14.765 708 2.912 1.640 7,5 20,9
2012 15.675 2.082 12.676 675 2.999 1.407 7,5 18,8
2013 13.165 1.469 14.167 663 -1.002 806 9,0 21,4
2014 12.831 1.563 15.162 744 -2.331 819 8,2 20,4
2015 6.548 789 10.877 606 -4.329 183 8,3 17,9
2016 6.996 810 9.348 490 -2.352 320 8,6 19,1
2017 7.137 1.042 9.801 495 -2.664 547 6,8 19,8
2018 7.681 1.056 7.947 407 -267 648 7,3 19,5
2019 9.834 1.551 6.383 281 3.451 1.270 6,3 22,7
2020 (6 Ay) 3.023 398 4.145 178 -1.122 220 7,6 23,3
Source: TÜİK Foreign Trade Statistics, Dynamic Inquiry

What are the Distinctive Features of Akkaraman Sheep?

According to the Ministry of Agriculture of Turkey, endurance is one of the distinguishing features of the Akkaraman sheep breed.

The Akkaraman breed, which is highly resistant to diseases and bad conditions, is famous for being robust and contented. Even with poor care, malnutrition, and climate change, their adaptability overcomes challenges. Because this species has a fat tail, it has high viability even when malnourished.

In addition, the most docile breed among domestic breeds is Akkaraman sheep. Akkaraman sheep have a high herd instinct and motherhood. In addition, these animals, which can walk long distances, can also graze on poor pastures.

Table 10: Development of Worsted Wool Yarn Foreign Trade in Turkey (Thousand USD)
 

Years

Export (x) Import (m) Foreign Trade Balance

(x – m)

Unit Prices

USD/Kg

USD Ton USD Ton USD Ton Export Import
2010 7.565 1.140 45.947 2.434 -38.381 -1.294 6,6 18,9
2011 12.999 1.670 64.346 2.698 -51.347 -1.028 7,8 23,9
2012 13.474 1.638 51.833 2.197 -38.359 -559 8,2 23,6
2013 10.479 1.270 45.367 1.931 -34.888 -661 8,3 23,5
2014 10.779 1.250 43.413 1.847 -32.634 -597 8,6 23,5
2015 13.462 1.508 39.375 1.979 -25.913 -470 8,9 19,9
2016 7.417 920 31.479 1.507 -24.063 -587 8,1 20,9
2017 7.486 834 31.113 1.352 -23.626 -518 9,0 23,0
2018 9.619 904 35.670 1.370 -26.051 -466 10,6 26,0
2019 5.407 633 37.346 1.352 -31.940 -719 8,5 27,6
2020 (6 Ay) 2.215 178 18.990 731 -16.775 -553 12,5 26,0
Source: TÜİK Foreign Trade Statistics

How should Akkaraman Sheep Raising Conditions Be?

The continental climate, with hot and dry summers and cold and snowy winters, is suitable for Akkaraman sheep. The native breed, which has adapted to the steppe climate, can be easily grown in pastures that do not have much roughness and have weak vegetation.

Even in terms of feeding, a pasture-based program can be applied outside of profitable periods. In snowy times, you can offer a straw-based, grain-supported ratio. The animals, which can live in simple and low-cost pens, are raised in herds of 30 to 500 heads.

Table 11: Development of Foreign Trade of Fine Animal Hair Yarn in Turkey (Thousand USD)
 

Years

Export (x) Import (m) Foreign Trade Balance

(x – m)

Unit Prices

USD/Kg

USD Ton USD Ton USD Ton Export Import
2010 39 1,9 2.215 63,1 -2.177 -61,2 20,5 35,1
2011 13 1,7 3.169 50,7 -3.156 -49,1 7,6 62,5
2012 27 3,3 3.638 48,9 -3.612 -45,6 8,0 74,4
2013 6 0,8 1.878 18,1 -1.872 -17,2 7,2 103,9
2014 18 2,7 2.752 43,7 -2.734 -41,1 6,8 62,9
2015 39 2,3 2.743 45,5 -2.704 -43,3 17,2 60,3
2016 214 9,3 3.766 62,7 -3.552 -53,4 23,0 60,0
2017 9 0,4 3.293 56,2 -3.284 -55,8 21,0 58,6
2018 21 1,6 3.742 66,9 -3.720 -65,3 13,4 56,0
2019 16 3,9 4.201 59,8 -4.186 -55,9 4,1 70,3
2020 (6 Ay) 3 0,6 1.557 25,3 -1.554 -24,7 4,6 61,5
Source: TUIK Foreign Trade Statistics

What are the body measurements of Akkaraman Sheep?

The height at the withers of Akkaraman sheep reaches 73 cm in males and 65 cm in females. The body length of the animals is 72 cm in males and 64 cm in females.

The live weight of Akkaraman adults is around 62 kilograms in males and 50 kilograms in females. The daily live weight gain corresponds to about 240 grams.

You can also keep in mind that the average birth weight of these animals is 4.7 kilograms for males and 4.4 kilograms for females.

Table 12: Development of Foreign Trade of Wool and Fine Hair Yarn in Turkey (Thousand USD)
 

Years

 

Export (x)

 

Import (m)

Foreign Trade Balance (x – m) Unit Prices USD/Kg
USD Ton USD Ton USD Ton Export Import
2010 26.992 2.195 268 21,6 26.723 2.174 12,3 12,4
2011 27.994 1.884 326 13,0 27.669 1.871 14,9 25,0
2012 30.098 2.095 299 8,9 29.799 2.086 14,4 33,7
2013 28.480 1.842 393 7,0 28.088 1.835 15,5 56,1
2014 24.569 1.646 825 37,5 23.745 1.608 14,9 22,0
2015 15.226 1.156 767 37,3 14.459 1.119 13,2 20,6
2016 14.511 1.115 389 17,4 14.122 1.098 13,0 22,3
2017 17.705 1.274 312 11,6 17.393 1.262 13,9 26,9
2018 18.752 1.160 209 6,8 18.544 1.153 16,2 30,6
2019 18.753 1.332 189 9,1 18.564 1.323 14,1 20,8
2020 (6 Ay) 7.469 578 22 0,3 7.447 577 12,9 76,9
Source: TURKSTAT Foreign Trade Statistics, Dynamic Inquiry

What are the Yield Characteristics of Akkaraman Sheep?

• Lactation milk yield of Akkaraman sheep varies between 50 and 60 kilograms.
• It is noted that the lactation period is 140 days.
• Wool yield is 2.2 kilograms.
• Breeding age is around 16 to 18 months.
• Lamb productivity of Akkaraman sheep is about 1.2 month on average. The twin birth rate remains at 4-5%.
• The length of the bowl varies between 8 and 12 cm.
• The fiber diameter measures around 29 to 35 microns.
• While the tail weight of animals averages 4-6 kilograms, it rarely reaches 20 kilograms.

Table 13: Distribution of World Wool and Wool (Uncarded/Uncombed) Exports by Countries (Thousand USD)
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015-2019 Total
Bin USD Share (%)
Australia 2.212.608 2.258.618 2.860.952 2.977.668 2.252.451 12.562.297 61,9
New Zeland 569.377 464.292 371.534 385.364 334.058 2.124.625 10,5
South Africa 259.097 272.856 354.547 400.399 305.109 1.592.008 7,8
Uruguay 100.475 82.885 87.938 104.508 73.840 449.646 2,2
Argentina 51.790 101.165 64.832 90.359 72.817 380.963 1,9
England 111.792 94.966 88.656 77.155 71.095 443.664 2,2
Spain 42.339 39.416 43.795 45.577 33.867 204.994 1,0
Lesotho 34.447 18.139 16.592 27.936 32.246 129.360 0,6
Chinese 53.082 47.770 34.477 37.701 31.750 204.780 1,0
Peru 23.438 20.258 23.954 35.763 30.667 134.080 0,7
Brazil 31.983 25.067 23.815 28.415 24.496 133.776 0,7
Belgium 32.480 25.777 24.281 29.609 21.140 133.287 0,7
Türkiye 43.708 25.614 54.148 56.898 17.531 197.899 1,0
Mongolia 13.945 16.357 20.643 20.153 16.216 87.314 0,4
Falkland Islands 12.397 13.177 12.168 14.123 15.803 67.668 0,3
Germany 97.438 107.997 64.335 19.553 15.602 304.925 1,5
Other countries 277.217 228.636 231.717 244.873 163.374 1.145.817 5,6
World Total 3.967.613 3.842.990 4.378.384 4.596.054 3.512.062 20.297.103 100,0
Source: ITC, Trade Map Statistics

 

Table 14: Distribution of World Wool and Wool (Uncarded/Uncombed) Exports by Countries (Thousand USD)
Country 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015-2019 Total
Bin USD Share (%)
Australia 2.212.608 2.258.618 2.860.952 2.977.668 2.252.451 12.562.297 61,9
New Zeland 569.377 464.292 371.534 385.364 334.058 2.124.625 10,5
South Africa 259.097 272.856 354.547 400.399 305.109 1.592.008 7,8
Uruguay 100.475 82.885 87.938 104.508 73.840 449.646 2,2
Argentina 51.790 101.165 64.832 90.359 72.817 380.963 1,9
England 111.792 94.966 88.656 77.155 71.095 443.664 2,2
Spain 42.339 39.416 43.795 45.577 33.867 204.994 1,0
Lesotho 34.447 18.139 16.592 27.936 32.246 129.360 0,6
Chinese 53.082 47.770 34.477 37.701 31.750 204.780 1,0
Peru 23.438 20.258 23.954 35.763 30.667 134.080 0,7
Brazil 31.983 25.067 23.815 28.415 24.496 133.776 0,7
Belgium 32.480 25.777 24.281 29.609 21.140 133.287 0,7
Türkiye 43.708 25.614 54.148 56.898 17.531 197.899 1,0
Mongolia 13.945 16.357 20.643 20.153 16.216 87.314 0,4
Falkland Islands 12.397 13.177 12.168 14.123 15.803 67.668 0,3
Germany 97.438 107.997 64.335 19.553 15.602 304.925 1,5
Other countries 277.217 228.636 231.717 244.873 163.374 1.145.817 5,6
World Total 3.967.613 3.842.990 4.378.384 4.596.054 3.512.062 20.297.103 100,0
Source: ITC, Trade Map Statistics 

 

Table 15: Distribution of World Wool and Animal Hair Yarn Imports by Product Groups (Million USD)
 

 

Years

5106-Strayhgarn Wool Yarns 5107- Worsted Combed Wool Yarns 5108-Thin Animal Hair Threads 5109- Wool and Fine Hair Threads

(Retail)

 

 

Total

Million

USD

% Share Million

USD

% Share Million

USD

% Share Million

USD

% Share
2010 600 22,3 1.523 56,7 286 10,6 278 10,3 2.686
2011 768 22,9 1.882 56,2 367 11,0 329 9,8 3.347
2012 666 22,1 1.628 54,0 379 12,6 345 11,4 3.018
2013 677 22,4 1.523 50,4 363 12,0 461 15,2 3.025
2014 687 21,3 1.579 49,0 425 13,2 530 16,4 3.221
2015 591 20,6 1.531 53,4 337 11,8 407 14,2 2.866
2016 582 21,7 1.464 54,7 293 10,9 338 12,6 2.676
2017 588 21,4 1.434 52,3 378 13,8 340 12,4 2.741
2018 637 20,4 1.677 53,6 430 13,8 384 12,3 3.128
2019 559 19,3 1.545 53,5 454 15,7 331 11,5 2.888

 

Table 16: Domestic Wool Demand in Turkey (Ton)
Production Export Import Domestic Demand
2015 23.366 14.490 19.085 27.961
2016 11.733 11.114 14.930 15.549
2017 19.790 22.732 28.081 25.139
2018 22.181 25.742 34.185 30.624
2019 11.923 9.842 11.444 13.525
Source: Production + Import – Export formula and our own calculations

 

Table 17: Development of Wool Production in Van Province (Tons)
Years Van Province Wool Production TRB2 Region Wool Production Share (%)
Van/TRB2 Van/Türkiye
2005 4 261 8 477 52,5 10,2
2006 4 410 8 949 50,3 9,7
2007 4 416 8 677 49,3 10,0
2008 4 224 7 947 50,9 10,1
2009 4 067 6 530 53,1 10,3
2010 3 906 6 990 62,3 11,0
2011 3 772 7 024 55,9 9,9
2012 3 847 7 060 53,7 8,8
2013 4 007 7 395 54,5 8,3
2014 4 368 7 980 54,2 8,1
2015 4 389 7 821 54,7 8,4
2016 4 320 7 636 56,1 8,4
2017 4 513 7 673 56,6 8,4
2018 4 426 7 584 58,8 8,1
2019 4 479 7 726 58,4 7,6
Source: Calculated considering the amount of wool production (yield level) per sheared animal in Turkey

 

Table 18: Development of Turkish Wool Production (Ton)
 

Years

Obtained from Native Breed Sheep

Made of Wool

Obtained from Merino Sheep

Made of Wool

Total Wool Production
Ton % Share Ton % Share Ton % Change
2005 43 801 94,9 2 374 5,1 46 176
2006 44 212 94,5 2 564 5,5 46 776 1,3
2007 43 688 93,4 3 063 6,6 46 752 -0,1
2008 40 970 92,8 3 196 7,2 44 166 -5,5
2009 37 012 91,9 3 258 8,1 40 270 -8,8
2010 39 390 92,0 3 432 8,0 42 823 6,3
2011 42 739 91,7 3 847 8,3 46 586 8,8
2012 46 392 90,6 4 788 9,4 51 180 9,9
2013 49 236 89,9 5 548 10,1 54 784 7,0
2014 51 899 88,9 6 503 11,1 58 402 6,6
2015 52 357 88,4 6 839 11,6 59 196 1,4
2016 51 523 88,6 6 645 11,4 58 168 -1,7
2017 55 911 88,3 7 404 11,7 63 315 8,8
2018 58 202 87,6 8 226 12,4 66 428 4,9
2019 61 134 86,6 9 453 13,4 70 588 6,3
Source: TUIK

 

The below Graph show  The top 15 countries in Turkey’s wool and animal hair imports (Million USD). China with more than 32 million USD is the biggest exporter to Turkey and after that Czech with 23.1 million USD and Argentina with 15.3 million USD are the biggest source of Turkey for importing wool. countries like Uruguay, Australia, Romania, New Zealand, Italy, England Peru, Bulgaria, Morocco, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Algeria are placed in next ranks.

Graph 1: The top 15 countries in Turkey's wool and animal hair imports (Million USD)

Graf 2 shows us the Top 15 Countries in Turkey’s Wool and Animal Hair Exports (Million USD) including China (8.1 million USD), England (3 Million USD), India(2.4 Million USD), Italy (1.7n Million USD), Portugal (1.6 Million USD) and Poland with (1 Million USD), among the exported products the biggest share belongs to Wollen fabric for home textiles and apparel and garment sectors.

Top 15 Countries in Turkey's Wool and Animal Hair Exports (Million USD)

 

thanks to the developed and high-technology spinning sector in Turkey, Turkish wool yarn manufacturers are able to produce high-quality wool yarn and that’s why many clients all around the world like to buy Turkish wool yarns which have good quality and competitive price, many European countries like England, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Germany, Finland and … are among the Turkish wool yarn customers. You can see the Top 15 Countries in Turkey’s Export of Wool and Animal Hair Yarns (Million USD, 2019) in Graph 3.

 

Top Five Countries in World Wool and Animal Hair Yarns Export

 

 

 

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