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Direct Dye Market

Direct Dye Market Decreased By 3.6% To US$ 1.9 Billion In 2019

After two years of growth, the global direct dye market decreased by 3.6% to US$ 1.9 billion in 2019. Overall, consumption, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern in the past decade.

The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2014 when the market value increased by 13% year-to-year. As a result, consumption reached a peak level of US$ 2.2 billion. From 2015 to 2019, the growth of the global market failed to regain momentum.

These are some of the findings of a recent report by IndexBox: ‘World – Direct Dyes And Preparations Based Thereon – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends And Insights’.

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Consumption by country

China (US$ 460M), the US (US$ 333M) and India (US$ 144M) were the countries with the largest market size in 2019, with a combined 48% share of the global market. Japan, Brazil, Indonesia, Pakistan, Mexico, France, Canada, Germany, and the UK lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 27%.

The countries with the highest levels of direct dye per capita consumption in 2019 were the US (265 kg per 1000 persons), Canada (253 kg per 1000 persons), and the UK (235 kg per 1000 persons).

From 2009 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of direct dye per capita consumption, amongst the key consuming countries, was attained by China, while direct dye per capita consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Global trade of direct dyes 2009-2019

In 2019, global trade of direct dyes and preparations based thereon increased by 1% to 110K tonnes, rising for the fourth year in a row after two years of decline. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of 4.5% from 2009 to 2019. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010 with an increase of 32% against the previous year. Over the period under review, global exports attained the peak figure in 2019 and are likely to see gradual growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, direct dye exports fell modestly to US$ 398 million (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

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Exports by country

In 2019, India (38K tonnes) represented the largest exporter of direct dyes and preparations based thereon, achieving 34% of total exports. Spain (18K tonnes) ranks second in terms of the total exports with a 16% share, followed by China (9.7%) and Germany (6.9%). Taiwan, Chinese (4.8K tonnes), the US (4.7K tonnes), the UK (4.2K tonnes), France (4.1K tonnes), Mexico (3.1K tonnes), Turkey (2.7K tonnes), Poland (2.5K tonnes) and Italy (1.9K tonnes) took a little share of total exports.

From 2009 to 2019, the average annual rates of growth with regard to direct dye exports from India stood at 14.5%. At the same time, Turkey (27.1%), Poland (12.8%), Spain (9.4%), France (8.8%), the US (4.6%), the UK (4.5%), Mexico (3.6%) and Italy (2.8%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Turkey emerged as the fastest-growing exporter in the world, with a CAGR of 27.1% from 2009-2019.

China and Taiwan experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, Germany (-4.2%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. India (+25 p.p.), Spain (+9.5 p.p.), Turkey (+2.2 p.p.), France (+2.1 p.p.), Poland (+1.6 p.p.) and the US (+1.5 p.p.) significantly strengthened its position in terms of global exports, while Germany saw its share reduced by 3.6% from 2009 to 2019, respectively. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

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In value terms, India (US$ 110M) remains the largest direct dye supplier worldwide, comprising 28% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by China (US$ 44M), with an 11% share of global exports. It was followed by Spain, with a 10% share.

In India, direct dye exports expanded at an average annual rate of 13.2% over the period from 2009-2019. In other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: China (3.2% per year) and Spain (7.3% per year).

Export prices by country

In 2019, the average direct dye export price amounted to US$ 3,610 per tonne, dropping by 4.5% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the export price recorded a slight contraction. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2014 when the average export price increased by 13% y-o-y. As a result, the export price reached a peak level of US$ 4,684 per tonne. From 2015 to 2019, the growth in terms of the average export prices remained at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was the UK (US$ 6,110 per tonne), while France (US$ 1,724 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2009 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by China, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

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Imports by country

In 2019, Germany (12K tonnes), followed by Italy (7.2K tonnes), Japan (6.2K tonnes), France (6.1K tonnes), China (4.8K tonnes), the UK (4.7K tonnes) and Indonesia (4.5K tonnes) were the largest importers of direct dyes and preparations based thereon, together generating 45% of total imports. The following importers – the US (4.1K tonnes), Taiwan, Chinese (3.4K tonnes), the Netherlands (3.4K tonnes), Poland (3.2K tonnes) and Spain (3.1K tonnes) – together made up 17% of total imports.

From 2009 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of purchases, amongst the key importing countries, was attained by Poland, while imports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest direct dye importing markets worldwide were Germany (US$ 36M), Japan (US$ 35M) and Italy (US$ 31M), together accounting for 26% of global imports. China, Indonesia, the US, France, Spain, the Netherlands, the UK, Taiwan, Chinese and Poland lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 35%.

Import prices by country

In 2019, the average direct dye import price amounted to US$ 3,933 per tonne, surging by 2.8% against the previous year. Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Japan (US$ 5,749 per tonne), while Poland (US$ 2,290 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2009 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Indonesia, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

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