The “Margoum,” a quintessential Tunisian carpet, is renowned for its authentic decorative charm and rich heritage. This traditional fabric industry holds a special place in Tunisia’s cultural tapestry, particularly in the Maghreb region. Its distinctive features and characteristics are deeply rooted in the culture of southern Tunisia, giving it a name synonymous with originality and nobility—an intriguing fusion of history and geography.
The Margoum, available in various sizes, is distinguished by its lighter weight and ease of use, setting it apart from the heavier traditional carpets historically crafted in the city of Kairouan.
Researchers specializing in traditional industries reveal that the art of Margoum weaving was inherited by the Berber tribes settled in southern Tunisia, particularly in the regions of Tataouine, Medenine, Gabes, and Gafsa. These tribes embraced the Margoum as flooring in their mountain homes and as decorative elements for walls and corners, seamlessly blending utility with aesthetics.
Creating a Margoum is a labor-intensive process, demanding patience, physical strength, and unwavering dedication for hours on end. Crafting a medium-sized Margoum using traditional manual techniques typically takes two to three months, depending on daily working hours.
Margoum weaving relies heavily on natural wool, which undergoes washing and softening processes before being transformed into woolen threads for the intricate weaving process.
The town of Oudref in Gabes, southeastern Tunisia, is celebrated as the Margoum’s capital, where the craft has been passed down through generations. It is an art that women often master from a young age, reflecting the enduring commitment to preserving this cultural treasure.
As Tunisians continue to honor their rich cultural heritage, the Margoum serves as a symbol of the nation’s dedication to upholding traditions while embracing modernity. Whether gracing floors or adorning walls, the Margoum remains an integral part of Tunisian homes, weaving together the threads of history, artistry, and cultural pride.