Textile industry in Tunisia
European countries import 96 per cent of Tunisia’s total textile and apparel exports; France, Germany and Italy alone receive 75 per cent. … Expertise is spread over spinning and thread-making, fabric weaving, finishing, hosiery, knitting, the manufacture of woven and knitted clothing as well as other textile products.
Tunisia is among the top 15 garment suppliers in the world and has the advantage of being close to the European market. It is the fifth-largest supplier to the European Union, as well as the leading trouser supplier to the EU. Other important products are workwear and lingerie. The main foreign investors in the apparel sector in Tunisia are France, Germany, Belgium and Italy.
This article is a part of a project initiated by the chamber of commerce and industry of the centre and funded by the FAMEX ( foreign markets access fund ) in order to offer to Scandinavian companies the opportunity to meet selected Tunisian companies and to explore further partnership and production opportunities.
The Scandinavian apparel and fashion industry is characterized by the emergence of many new brands and designers; Tunisian apparel industry offers many opportunities to Scandinavian countries. Thanks to its assets in terms of flexibility, reactivity, adaptable production volumes, just-in-time delivery, communication skills and fundamental respect for social and environmental standards.
Tunisia enjoys several comparative advantages, such as low labour cost and proximity to the EU market. According to the 2007 textile labour cost comparison by Werner International, the average cost per operator hour in the Tunisian industry is significantly lower than in Morocco and Turkey.
Due to the reactivity of the Tunisian apparel sector delivery times ( 2 to 3 weeks ) are lower than Turkey and Poland ( 3 to 4 weeks ) and definitely lower than India and China (12 à 20 weeks).
Thanks to its proximity to Europe, Tunisian Workers are familiar with the european mentality and work culture. Italy is only 1 hour away from Tunis by aeroplane, France and Germany 2 hours away, Copenhagen and Stockholm are 2h 30 and 3h away respectively. Most of the tunisian factories employ multi-linguistic skilled workers: French, English, Italian and German are widely used.
FUNDAMENTAL RESPECT FOR SOCIAL
AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS AND NORMS
Tunisia is a signatory to the Geneva Convention on the conditions of the employment of child labour. All companies must comply with social rules and regulations; systematic control procedures ensure that these social standards are respected.
MAIN CLIENTS AND REFERENCES
More than 200 brands are currently working in Tunisia. here is a non-exhaustive list of known brands : Armand Thierry, Benetton, Cacharel, Diesel, Balmain, 4 You, G.Laroche, Hugo Boss, Kookai, Lacoste, Adidas, Catimini, Lee.
Certification for products, systems and environment have become widespread among sector enterprises as has the development of labelling such as OEKO-TEX, ECOLABEL…(see the website menu and read more under the headline social and environmental standards and norms).
MAJOR REASONS FOR CHOOSING TUNISIA
• Competitive production costs
• Flexible and adaptable production system
• Qualified and available human resource.
• Respect of delivery time frames.
• Reliable and high-performance sourcing.
• Respect of social and environmental standards.
• Full line of services available from sub-contracting to co-contracting and finished products.
The Textiles and clothing industries (TCI) sector is comprised of some 2,094 industrial enterprises employing 10 or more persons, of which 1,656 produce exclusively for the export market.
The Sector counts 971 enterprises with foreign participation, of which 635 are wholly (100%) foreign-owned.
The leading foreign investors in the textile/clothing sector are Italy, Belgium, Holland, France, Algeria and the USA.
EMPLOYMENT AND HUMAN RESOURCES
• Textile/clothing industries provide the largest number of jobs in the manufacturing sector, employing 205,911 people, 46% of all manufacturing jobs.
• Accessible quality education for all citizens has endowed Tunisia with a young human resource pool (supervisors, technicians, designers, engineers).
• The country has over thirty centres for specialised education covering the textiles industries: 8 sectorial centres for training supervisors and technicians; a higher institute of textiles for senior technicians; a textile engineer university; a higher institute for fashion professionals; a textile design department within the fine arts university.
+ Middle East Textile Journal
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