The oldest Iranian hand-woven carpets in 1949. In the second stage, the Russian archaeologist, discovered and named Rudenko in the Pazyryk Pazyryk carpet was called. Rudenko in a book published in Russia in 1953 on the occasion of this discovery, the discovered carpet on detailed mapping and it is explicitly stated that Iran and the oldest Persian carpet in the world. He wrote: “Without being able to specify that this carpet belongs to Medians territory which the Party (Khorasan old) or bark, the history of these carpets and fabrics that were discovered in Pazyryk fifth century or early fourth century BC diagnosed. ” Then he adds: “the history of the horse riders on the carpet. How the war horses that have spread to the saddle carpet and fabric on the chest on the back of the horse, but on the carpet Pazyryk tiny Assyrian profile various plantations and how to tie a horse’s tail, seen in the reliefs of Persepolis. ”
At the domination of the Mongols (thirteenth and fourteenth centuries), carpet weaving technique was extremely sublime beauty. Perhaps with the burgeoning industry Ghazan Khan (1307-1295 AD) coincided. But the pinnacle of classical Persian carpet Iranian carpet is referred to as the Safavid monarchs Renaissance (1722-1499 AD), especially during the rule of Shah Tahmasp (1587-1524 CE) and Shah Abbas the Great (1629-1587 AD) recorded have. Who remained from the period of 3000 carpets of the world’s great museums or in private collections are kept. During this period the palaces along the carpet weaving workshops and founded various centers already in Tabriz, Isfahan, Kashan, Mashhad, Kerman, Joshaghan, Yazd, Astarābād, Herat and northern states such as Shirvan, Karabakh and the Guilan development and prosperity more respectively. At the same time, and painters are summarized and combined high-design medallion in the middle of the carpet and Lachak to enter it. That is the plan that has already been invaluable to the most beautiful state in the fifteenth century, was used on the cover of books. The occupation by the Afghans (1722-1721 AD) and art industry went into decline. In the nineteenth century Persian carpets, especially precious carpets in Tabriz region found their way to Europe.
The representatives of the European countries were sent to all the countries of the East and with very intensive competition all old carpets and antique dealers gathered in Constantinople was still the most important market oriental rugs sent. By the end of the old carpets, British companies (Ziegler 1883), American and German indefinitely established studios in Tabriz, Sultanabad (Arak), Kerman. This procedure until World War I that product significantly increased production continued. The carpet is likely to be woven by nomads tent was to cover the earthen floor. But the possibility that carpet by the Egyptians, the Chinese, or even been invented by others. And even the possibility that all these people have began to make carpets are in contact with each other is without.
We trust that the carpet had reached its highest level in five centuries BC. This by the Russian archaeologists Rudenko and Griaznov, who in 1949 in the Pazyryk valley, about 5000 feet mountains of Altai discovered the carpet “knotted” is famous.
Pazyryk carpet is of rare beauty and woven with high technology, the 2400 to 2500 year-old Pazyryk carpet in the frozen tombs of Scythian chiefs was found in Mongolia, which is very well maintained. In the course of the history of art and craft of carpet weaving as a special skill accordingly.